Cacahuamilpa Caves - THE BACKPACKING

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Monday, December 15, 2014

Cacahuamilpa Caves

In the Grottos of Cacahuamilpa National Park are those that are perhaps the largest caves in the world. Nationwide is one of the places most visited by caving enthusiasts. These caves are located in the Sierra Madre del Sur, Mexico. Mainly cover the state of Guerrero in the municipalities of Pilcaya, Tetipac, and
Taxco, but also extend in the state of Morelos in the town of Coatlan River.

They were discovered in 1834 by Manuel Saenz de la Peña and in 1936 declared a National Park. Considered among the most impressive in the world, the Caves of Cacahuamilpa stored inside an endless series of whimsical figures that cause the admiration of all visitors. They can be visited until ninety rooms, all conveniently iluminados.Las caves are open to the public and there are daily tours, starting at 10.00, the tours last two hours, walking 2 km.

It has an altitudinal range comprised between 960 and 1,800 meters. It has a warm climate and vegetation of semi-deciduous forest represented by Bursera bipinnata, Bursera copallifera and Bursera jorullensis; utensils for preparing the cirián or Crescencia (Crescentia cujete) and cadili (Crescentia alata) is used. Wildlife is abundant, highlighting the cacomisel (Ring-tailed cat), the raccoon or badger (Nasua narica), raccoon (Procyon lotor), Rattlesnake (Crotalus sp.), The iguana (Ctenosaura sp.), The green iguana (Iguana iguana), the buzzard (Sarcoramphus sp.), the puma (Felis concolor), margay (margay) and lynx (Lynx rufus). In the rainy season the forest shows a lush appearance, while in dry dominates a landscape of bare trees.

The park features limestone hills, crossed by groundwater from the rivers of San Jerónimo and Chontalcoatlán, that shaped the resurgence of Dos Bocas and then forming the Amacuzac River, a tributary of the Balsas, and empties into the Pacific Ocean. The most important attractions of the park are the routes established within the caves, whose length is 1,380 m, and the possibility of caving. You enter the park at Taxco Mexico DF-road or the Toluca-Ixtapan-Taxco.Dentro of the cave there are tunnels with a length of 10 km. The height of the caves between 30 m at the bottom and 70 meters at the top. It has 90 rooms (very large cavities) artificial and naturally lit, covered with limestone concretions hanging from the ceiling (stalactites) and that amount of soil (stalagmites). These natural formations are faces, faces and figures, as seen in the salons of the Goat, the throne, the source, the palms, the cathedral

This stunning park encompasses a protected area of 2,700 ha, which mostly include forested areas that are in the uplands of the caves and the birth of Amacuzac river. In this park, plus the ability to perform the activities appropriate to the caves caving, you can make picnics, hiking, walking and observing wildlife and scenery. The vegetation of this national park is primarily made up of lowland forest, which provides habitat for large populations of animals like iguana, badger, ringtail, raccoon, reptiles like boa and rattlesnake, vulture, quail, eagles and some cats such as the bobcat, ocelot, margay and puma.