Wednesday, July 8, 2015


The City of Texcoco was called by the Spaniards "The Athens of the Valley" by the refinement and culture of the ancient Indians of the colonial era there are many signs style "Tequitqui" where indigenous elements merge with Hispanics.
The official name of the township and the county seat Texcoco Texcoco de Mora is in honor of

Dr. José María Luis Mora. Texcoco word is written in their various times and places as Tetzcuco, Texcoco, and finally Texcoco Texcoco.
It has the following roots:

Tlacolt which means Jarilla (plant sprouting in flat terrain)
Texcalli which means Penasco or Risco
So the translation is probably Texcoco "In the rockrose Crags."
This city does not lose its provincial character and market gastronomic excellence is represented by the succulent barbecue. In the famous International Horse Fair, visitors can attend their fences, cultural events, cattle shows and taste the typical food of this beautiful town.
Then the tourist sites are there in the municipality of Texcoco to be visited by the national and international tourism will be described.
This was the ancient parish of San Antonio de Padua. Construction began in 1529, the site now occupied by the Cathedral is on what was the base of a pyramid that would have between 110 and 120 steps, completed in 1664. This magnificent Cathedral in its facade has three bodies where plant motifs predominate on the far right and you can admire decorated in relief with a rich network of plant, human and celestial figures carved in art "Tequitqui" where the parameters of European beauty with indigenous merge.
In 1961 it was erected as a cathedral and its first Franciscan Bishop Ferreira and Arreola, the current bishop is Mr. Carlos Aguilar Retes.HOUSE CULTURAL CENTER CONSTITUENT
After the Spanish Conquest in the process of evangelization Texcoco began one of the religious orders that arrived was the San Juan de Dios, which built his temple or monastery between 1542 and 1699. In 1827, when Texcoco was named second capital of the State of Mexico convent tempo and became the headquarters of the First Constituent Congress, it was here where he passed the first house was acquired by the State Government of Mexico for their rescue and transformation. the facade retains the Churrigueresque, only original part with several exhibition halls, an auditorium, outdoor theater and murals of Jose Marin local arts, I capture in 1978 many chapters in the history of Mexico it is located in the center city ​​of Texcoco.
Today this building houses the House of Culture depending on the Mexican Institute of Culture based in the city of Toluca and in it there is a small museum.CHURCHES
Other churches in Texcoco, representative of the architecture of the sixteenth century are:

The Chapel Dedicated to the Conception of Plateresque facade.
The church of San Pedro.
The church of San Juanito.
The temple of San Juan de Dios and was probably built around the same time that the Cathedral was built Texcoco. Here was where the first Constitution of the State of Mexico's February 14, 1827 was signed.

Here there are vestiges of the room that according to historians had 300 bedrooms, five courtyards with gardens and fountains monolithic, ball game, oratory and even a flea market.
This site includes a small archaeological site where a temple and two older foundations built with adobe, masonry and covered with stucco finish is preserved. In these the use of large blocks of perfectly hewn stone, characteristic elements of the construction system of the region is observed.ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE OF TEXCOTZINGO

This area shows the highest water development that had Acolhuas, here are the so-called Baths of Nezahualcoyotl. At first glance, visitors can see the palaces, the staircase and the aqueduct carved in stone, they have a wonderful balance with the natural environment and the channel on the floor shows where the water must pass, they say that the vegetation Xochitl surrounding the bath, Nezahualcoyotl's wife and concubines baths were surrounded by a botanical garden.
This was built by order of Nezahualcoyotl for recreation as a botanical garden and a zoo regarded as the first in Mesoamerica was mentioned; and real bathrooms, of which one can still admire tubs, a staircase and remains of the aqueduct that raised the water from nearby springs. The "throne" as it is called this tie is worth a visit.ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE OF Huexotla
It has different structures that are part of a core set of structures from which small groups of buildings and residential areas of the ancient inhabitants, with Chichimecas remains, dating from 1173 were distributed.
The zones are:

The Wall
La Estancia
The group of Santa Maria
San Marcos
Enigmatic battlements are preserved and the circular base of a temple dedicated to Ehecatl "God of the Wind" and the former convent of San Juan Luis XVI century.
In the same way Coatlinchan is an attractive monastery and church dedicated to St. Michael the Archangel built by Franciscan friars in the sixteenth century. In a nearby canyon it was where the gigantic sculpture of Tlaloc was found, "Rain God" which looks at the entrance of the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City.
Finally Texcoco Lake without being an idyllic landscape from here is possible to see a blue sky, free of contaminants and adorned with dozens of clouds, admire "The Sleeping Woman" with her beauty that completes the scenario of Lake Texcoco, one of the five who formed the Valley of Mexico basin and inexplicably only consisted of salt water of higher concentration than the sea itself.
At present, the surface of the former Lake Texcoco is composed of five artificial lakes that feed on the rains and rivers Churubusco and Company.
Texcoco Lake has risen and again returns to inhabit several species of plants and animals. Work of ecological rescue of enormous environmental scope for the metropolitan area and that very few people know.